Alcohol Drinks in the news
Doctor: Energy drinks, booze don't mix
UPI - Jan 02 9:43 AMLOS ANGELES, Jan. 2 (UPI) -- High caffeine energy drinks, a hit with high school and college students, may pose health risks when mixed with alcohol, a U.S. medical professional said.
CDC study: USA's teens binge drinking alcohol
USA Today - Jan 02 3:37 AMNearly half of the high-school students surveyed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said they've been drinking alcohol, most having five or more drinks in a row, according to Reuters. They found that 45 percent of the students...
Hypertension, alcohol can mix just a little
USA Today - Jan 01 6:28 PMThis year might be a little more festive than last for men with high blood pressure, thanks to a major study out Tuesday showing that one or two drinks a day doesn't appear to boost their heart attack risk.
Hypertension, alcohol can mix a little
Asbury Park Press - Jan 02 10:27 AMThis year might be a little more festive than last for men with high blood pressure, thanks to a major study out Tuesday showing that one or two drinks a day doesn't appear to boost their heart attack risk. "We could not find any increased risk of heart disease or death due to heart disease for moderate drinkers,'' said Joline Beulens of the University Medical Center Utrecht in the Netherlands ...
- Acohol Drinks
Here is an article on Alcohol Drinks.
Nis redirects here. For the acronym, see NIS.
|Град Alchol Drinks Ниш
City of Niš
|Coat of arms
|Location within Serbia
||250,518 (City of Niš) Alchool Drinks (2002)
|Licence plate Alcool Drinks code :
|Time Zone :
||UTC+1 /Summer UTC+2
(NS, since 2004)
Niš or Nish (Serbian: Ниш / Niš, listen , Latin: Naissus, Greek: Ναισσός Naissos) is a city in Serbia Alcohool Drinks situated at 43.3° N 21.9° E, on the river Nišava. Its population is 250,518 (2002 census), Alcphol Drinks and it is the third largest city in the republic. The city covers an area of about 597 square kilometres, including Alcohil Drinks the city of Niš itself, the Niška Banja Alcoholl Drinks spa and 68 suburbs. Niš Constantine the Great Airport (Аеродром Константин Alcoohl Drinks Велики) is its international airport with the destination code INI. Niš is the administrative center of the Nišava District of Serbia.
Situated at Allcohol Drinks the crossroads of Balkan and European highways, connecting Asia Minor to Europe, Niš is one of the oldest cities in the Balkans, and has from ancient times been considered a gateway between the East and the West.
Niš is a university center. There are about 28,000 university students at the University of Niš, which comprises 13 faculties. Niš is also one of the most important industrial centres in Serbia, a center of electronics industry (see Elektronska Industrija Niš), industry of mechanical engineering, textile industry and tobacco industry.
- 1 Geography and climate
- 2 History
- 2.1 Early History
- 2.2 Middle Ages
- 2.3 Early Modern and Modern periods
- 2.4 Historical Sites
- 3 Economy
- 3.1 Industry
- 3.2 Tourism
- 3.2.1 Tourist Sites
- 3.2.2 Tourist information
- 4 Famous or notable citizens
- 5 Culture
- 5.1 Museums and monuments
- 5.2 Sport
- 5.3 Local Media
- 5.3.1 Radio stations
- 5.3.2 TV stations
- 5.3.3 NGOs
- 5.3.4 Newspapers
- 6 Administrative Divisions
- 6.1 Medijana
- 6.2 Palilula
- 6.3 Pantelej
- 6.4 Crveni Krst
- 6.5 Niška Banja
- 7 Twin Towns
- 8 External links
Geography and climate
Niš is situated at the 43°19' latitude north and 21°54' longitude east in the Nišava valley, near the spot where it joins the Južna Morava River. It is in Niš that the trunk road running from the north down the Morava River valley forks into two major lines: - the south one, leading to Thessalonica and Athens, - and the east one, leading towards Sofia and Istanbul, and further on, towards the Near East. The central city area is at 194m altitude above sea level (the Main City Square). The highest point in the city area is Sokolov kamen (Falcon's rock) on Suva Planina Mountain (1523m) while the lowest spot is at Trupale, near the mouth of the Nišava (173m). The city area covers 596.71 square km.
The climate of the Niš area is moderate and continental, with an average temperature of 11.2°C. July is the warmest month of the year, with the average of 21.2°C. The coldest month is January, averaging at 0.2°C. The average of the annual rainfall is 567.25 mm/m². The average barometer value is 992.74 mb. There are 123 days with rain and 43 days with snow. On the average, the wind force is just below 3 Beaufort.
The city's early name under the Roman Empire remained Naissus, which is the Latin name derived from its original name Naissos ("city of the nymphs"), a Greek colony founded in antiquity. The etymology of the original name Naissos ("city of the nymphs") was derived from a mythical creature of Greek mythology - Naiad (from the Greek νάειν, "to flow," and νἃμα, "running water") which was the nymph of freshwater streams rivers and lakes. At the time when Greek colony was founded, the local residents believed that the numerous surrounding ponds, bogs, and the moor on the left riverbank were inhibited by the nymphs.
At the time of the conquest of the Greeks by Rome, Naissos was used as a base for operations. Niš is a possible location of Nysa, a mythical place in Greek mythology where the young god Dionysus was raised. Naissus was first mentioned in Roman documents near the beginning of 2nd century CE, and was considered a place worthy of note in the Geography of Ptolemy of Alexandria. The Romans occupied the town in the period of the "Dardanian War" (75-73 BC), and the city developed as a strategic crossroads, garrison and market town in the province of Moesia Superior.
Stone mallet found in the Nišava
In AD 268, during the "Crisis of the third century" when the Empire almost collapsed, the greatest Gothic invasion seen to date came pouring into the Balkans. The Goths' seaborne allies, the Heruli, supplied a fleet, carrying vast armies down the coast of the Black Sea where they ravaged coastal territories in Thrace and Macedonia. Other huge forces crossed the Danube in Moesia. An invasion of Goths into the province of Pannonia was leading to disaster. The Emperor Gallienus halted the Goths' progress by defeating them in battle in April of 268, and then that September, he came upon the main Gothic force at Naissus and defeated them at the carnage called the Battle of Naissus, the bloodiest battle of the 3rd century, which left thirty to fifty thousand Goths dead on the field. The battle earned Gallienus' chief general Marcus Aurelius Claudius his surname "Gothicus", although the cavalry commander Aurelian was the real victor. The battle of Naissus ensured another two centuries for the Empire in the West.
Four years later in 272, the son of military commander Constantius Chlorus and an innkeeper's daughter called Flavia Iulia Helena was born in Naissus and destined to rule as Emperor Constantine the Great. The remains of the 4th century Imperial villa at Mediana are an important archaeological site located close to Niš. Mosaic floors and other traces of luxury are preserved in the archaeological museum on the site. Other aristocratic suburban villas are clustered nearby. The 4th century Christian basilica in Niš is one of the oldest Christian monuments.
Though the emperor Julian strengthened the walls, the very prosperity of Naissus made it a target and it was destroyed by Attila in 443. Attila the Hun conquers Naissus with battering rams and rolling towers—military sophistication that was new in the Hun repertory. After the Huns captured the city of Naissus they massacred the inhabitants of the city. Years later river banks outside the city were still covered with human bones as a reminder of the devastation the Huns had inflicted.
When Priscus passed through in 448 on his way to Attila's court, Naissus offered a grim spectacle:
When we arrived at Naissus we found the city deserted, as though it had been sacked; only a few sick persons lay in the churches. We halted at a short distance from the river, in an open space, for all the ground adjacent to the bank was full of the bones of men slain in war.
Afterwards Justinian I did his best to restore it, but Naissa never recovered its 4th century urbanity.
The last half of the 6th century CE saw the first major migrations of Slavs and Avars. During the 6th and 7th century CE, Slavic tribes made eight attempts to take Niš . During the final attack in 615 CE the invaders took the city, and most of the Roman population fled or perished, but some small traces survived in the local Vlach population. The city and nearby arable land were settled by Slavs.
In the 9th century the Bulgarians became masters of Naissus, followed by the Hungarians in the 11th century, during which the town's militia fought a successful battle against the People's Crusade on 3 July 1096. The Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Comnenus reconquered it once more in 1173, and towards the end of the 12th century the town was in the hands of the Serbian prince Stephen Nemanja, who received hospitably the German emperor Frederick Barbarossa and his crusaders.
In 1375 the Ottoman Turks captured Naissus for the first time from the Serbians. The fall of the Serbian state, conquered by Sultan Murad in 1385, decided the fate of Niš as well. After a 25-day long siege the city fell to the Turks. After the Battle of Kosovo in 1389, the Constantinopol-Wien road grew deserted.
In 1443, Niš fell into the hands of Ludanjin. The town itself was given back to the Serbs, while Branković gave it over to Đorđe Mrnjavčević. In the so-called Long Campaign, Christian armies, led by the Hungarian military leader Janos Hunyadi (known as Sibinjanin Janko in Serbian folk poetry) together with Serbian Despot Đurađ Branković, defeated the Turks and repelled them to Sofia. An important battle was fought near Niš, which remained a free city for a whole year after that.
Early Modern and Modern periods
Niš succumbed to Turkish rule again in 1448 and remained thus for the following 245 years. In the period of Turkish rule, Niš was one of the seats of Turkish military and civil administration. Niš Fortress, built in that period, still represents one of the most beautiful and best preserved edifices in the Balkans.
1723 The extant fortification is of Turkish origin, dating from the first decades of the 18th century (1719-1723). It is well-known as one of the most significant and best preserved monuments of this kind in the Mid-Balkans. The Fortress was erected on the site of earlier fortifications - the ancient Roman, Byzantine, and later yet Mediaeval forts. The Fortress has a polygonal ground plan, eight bastion terraces and four massive gates. It stretches over 22 ha of land. The rampart walls are 2,100 m long, 8 m high and 3 m thick on the average. The building stone, brought from the nearby quarries, was hewn into rather evenly-shaped blocks. The inside of the rampart wall was additionally fortified by a wooden construction, 'santrač', and an additional bulwark, 'trpanac'. On the outside, the Fortress was surrounded by a wide moat, whose northern part has been preserved to our days. Beside the massive stone rampart walls, the southern Stambol gate and the western Belgrade gate are pretty well preserved. Partly preserved are the water gates, while the northern Vidin gate and the south-east Jagodina gate are preserved only in remains. With a complete reconstruction of all the gates, Niš Fortress would once again become, arcitecturally and functionally, a closed fortification system. In 1737, Niš was seized by the Austrian army, in their campaign against the Turks. The war ended in 1739.
Monument to the liberators of Niš
At the beginning of the 19th century the crucial thing for the renewal of the Serbian state was the liberation of Niš from the Turks. The Serbian leader Karađorđe, in his talks with the representatives of Russia, as well as in his talks with Napoleon and the Turks, pointed out that Niš had to belong to Serbia. The Serbian insurrection army headed towards Niš in order to take it and go ahead towards Old Serbia and Kosovo. Karađorđe's suggestion was to use the whole army to liberate Niš, while the rest of the commanders demanded to attack Niš from four different points. The latter was accepted. On April 27, 1809, the Serbian insurrection army with its 16,000 soldiers approached the villages of Kamenica, Gornji and Donji Matejevac, near the town of Niš with Miloje Petrović as Commander-in-chief. The Serbian soldiers made six trenches. The first and biggest was on Čegar Hill with voivoda Stevan Sinđelić at the head. The second one was in the village Gornji Matejevac (near the newly rebuilt Latin Church) with Petar Dobrnjac as the commander. The third trench was north-east to Kamenica, with voivoda Ilija Barjaktarević. The fourth trench was in Kamenica with Miloje Petrović as the chief commander. The fifth trench was in the mountain above Kamenica and under the control of voivoda Pauljo Matejić, while the sixth one was made in Donji Matejevac. Miloje Petrović's request to attack Niš directly was not accepted. The demand was to wait and to besiege the town.
Meanwhile the Turkish army was reinforced with 20,000 soldiers from Adrianople, Thessalonica, Vranje and Leskovac. The Turks attacked the trench of Petar Dobrnjac on 30 May. The following day, on May 31, 1809, the most prominent trench on Čegar Hill, under the command of Stevan Sinđelić, was attacked. The battle lasted all day. As Milovan Kukić witnessed, "the Turks attacked five times, and the Serbs managed to repulse them five times. Each time their losses were great. Some of the Turks attacked, and some of them went ahead, and thus when they attacked for the sixth time they filled the trenches with their dead so that the alive went over their dead bodies and they began to fight against the Serbs with their rifles, cutting and sticking in their enemies with their sabers and knives. The Serbian soldiers from other trenches cried out to help Stevan. But there was no help," as Milovan Kukić said, "either because they could not help without their cavalry, or because Miloje Petrović did not allow it.
When Stevan Sinđelić saw that the Turks had taken over the trench, he ran to the powder cave, took out his gun and fired at the powder magazine. The explosion was so strong that all the surrounding was shaken, and the whole trench caught in a cloud of dense smoke. Stevan Sinđelić, who up to that moment had reached everywhere, helping and encouraging everybody, went into the air." Three thousands Serbian soldiers and more than double of that on the Turkish side were killed on Čegar Hill. An important monument from early 19th century Serbian uprisings against Turkish reign is the Skull Tower (Ćele kula), a tower which incorporates human skulls (those of dead Serbian "rebels") in its construction, a monument likely unique in its design.
The city was incorporated in Serbia as a consequence of the Treaty of San Stefano.
Following the rout of the Serbian army by the Austrians, Bulgarians and Germans in World War I, King Ferdinand of Bulgaria entertained the German Kaiser Wilhelm II at Niš in January 1916. The Kaiser was greeted by the following dubious mock-Roman salutation: Ave Imperator, Caesar et Rex. Victor et gloriosus es. Nissa antiqua omnis Orientis populi te salutant redemptorem, ferentem oppressis prosperitatem atque salutem, which translates as: "Hail Emperor, Caesar and King: You are victor and glorious. In ancient Niš all the peoples of the east salute you, bringer of prosperity to the oppressed."
During the time of German occupation in WWII, the first Nazi concentration camp in Yugoslavia was near Niš. In 1942 an armed revolt led to an escape. The escapees were guerrillas from Tito's movement who was captured by German forces during the Battle of Kozara. This escape is featured in Miomir Stamenković's film Lager Niš, 1987.
In 1996, Niš was the first city in Serbia to stand against the oppressive regime of Slobodan Milošević. A coalition of democratic opposition parties called Zajedno (Together) won the local elections in Niš in 1996. The first democratic mayor of City of Niš was Zoran Živković, who later became the Prime Minister of Serbia in 2003.
- Skull Tower (Ćele kula)
- Tvrđava - Turkish fortress in the city center.
- Mediana - archaeological site, Roman imperial villa.
- Kazandžisko Sokače - example of original architecture from Ottoman period.
- Crveni Krst concentration camp built by occupying German forces during WWII.
- Bubanj monument to the fallen Yugoslav WWII fighters.
Niš Constantine the Great Airport passenger terminal
The city of Niš is the administrative, industrial, commercial, financial and cultural center of the south-eastern part of Republic of Serbia. The position of Niš is strategically important, located at the intersection of European highway and railway networks connecting Europe with Asia. Niš is easily accessible, having an airport - Niš Constantine the Great Airport and being a point of intersection of numerous railroad and highway lines. It is in Niš that the trunk road running from the north down the Morava River valley forks into two major lines: - the south one, leading to Thessalonica and Athens, along the Vardar River valley, - and the east one, running along the Nisava and the Marica, leading towards Sofia and Istanbul, and further on, towards the Near East. These roads have been widely known from ancient times, because they represented the beaten tracks along which peoples, goods and armies moved. Known as 'Via Militaris' in Roman and Byzantine periods, or 'Constantinople road' in Middle Ages, these roads still represent major European traffic arteries. Niš thus stands at a point of intersection of the roads connecting Asia Minor to Europe, and the Black Sea to the Mediterranean.
Niš is one of the most important industrial centres in Serbia, well-known for its tobacco industry, industry of electronics, construction industry, industry of mechanical engineering, textile industry, colour metal industry, food processing industry, industry of rubber goods.
- Niš Tobacco Factory - was built and opened in 1930 at the present location at Crveni Krst. Its basic production is that of tobacco, cigarettes, filters, the elements of the tobacco machinery and equipment, adhesives etc. In 1995 a scientific - research institute was built. The Institute selects, produces and protects tobacco, and creates and designs new products.
In August 2003, The Philip Morris Corporation purchased the Niš Tobacco Factory (DIN) through the privatization process. Phillip Morris' total investment of EUR 580 million makes it the single largest foreign investor in Serbia of the Year 2003.
- Gradjevinar, stock company - originated from the construction firm of Niš County called Grapon in 1961. Gradjevinar has built large structural complexes as shopping centres, department buildings, entire campuses, sections of cities which can be found in Niš, Belgrade, East Serbia, Russia, Bulgaria, Israel, Jordan, United Arabic Emirates. The company has built:
- more than 30,000 apartments, of approximately 180,000 square meters, - clinics, health facilities and hospitals, of approximately 80,000 square metres, - department stores, malls of approximately 50,000 square metres, - hotels, tourist sites, banks, schools, theatres, sports facilities of approximately 50,000 square metres, - various warehouses, factories, farms and cold storage buildings of approximately 150,000 square metres.
- Electronics Industry - Holding Corporation, stock corporation - originated from the foundation of the Institute for the Production of Radio Sets and Roentgen Machines, "RR Niš", in 1948. The basic production encompasses acoustic equipment, electronic tubes, specific installations, printed plates, electronic machine elements, hydraulics, pneumatics, appliances, air-conditioners, medical equipment, roentgen machines.
Industry of rubber goods
- Vulkan, stock company was built and opened in 1937. Its production is large in scope and it comprises various rubber-technical articles with numerous applications in mining and construction industry (transporters and cranes).
Colour metal industry
- NISSAL - Stock corporation for aluminum produces tools, metal reproductive materials, metal, wooden and other material constructions, collects and treats for industrial refuse.
- The Pump Factory "Jastrebac" founded in 1910., produces more than 1,000 of different types and sizes of mechanical pumps.
- MIN (Machinery Industry of Niš) Holding, stock corporation founded in 1884, produces various machines, various types of equipment: chemical, petrol-chemical, mining, metallurgic, railway-transport, diesel-locomotive, pump, hydro-thermo-nuclear, water and gas treatment. In 1993 MIN got transformed into a holding company of 37 joint-stock units, 24 of which deal with the basic production, 6 of which deal with services, and 7 with specialized business.
Food processing industry
- Žitopek, stock company for the production and trade of bakery goods was established on March 3, 1947 when 14 bakers formally signed a contract by which they were supposed to join their workshops into "Žitopek".
- The Brewery of Niš, stock company produces the beer and non-alcohol drinks. The brewery was founded 1884. by Jovan Apel.
- Nitex - Niš Textile Industry produces fabrics, knitted material, continuous embroidery, clothes.. The company was founded 1897. by Niš capitalist Mita Ristić with his sons (Dušan and Dragoljub).
- The Skull Tower (Serbian: Ћеле Кула, Ćele Kula) - A monument to 19th century Serbian rebels. It is situated on Zoran Djindjić Boulevard, on the old Constantinople road leading to Sofia.
- Čegar - The place where Battle on Cegar Hill had happened on May 19, 1809.
- Concentration camp - One rare saved German Nazis prisoner camps in Europe. It is situated on 12.February Boulevard.
- Bubanj - A place where 10 000 civilian hostages from Niš and south Serbia were being shot during World War II by German Nazis. Monument is in the shape of three clenched fists.
- Memorial chapel & monument in the memory of NATO bombing victims - The chapel was built by City government of Nis (lead by DS/SPO, two democratic parties) while monument was built by the State government (lead by conservative SPS/SRS parties) in 1999. They are situated in Sumatovacka street near Nis Fortress.
- The Nis Fortress - The extant fortification of Turkish origin, dating from the first decades of the 18th century (1719-1723). It is situated in the city center.
- The fortress-cafes - They are situated near Stambol gate (main gate of fortress).
- Mediana - Archeological site from the late Roman period located on the road leading to Sofia near EI Nis.
- Tinkers Alley - An old urban downtown in today Kopitareva Street, built in the first half of 18th century. It was a street full of tinkers but today it's full with cafes&restaurants.
- Kalča, City passage and Gorča - Trade centers situated in Milana Obrenovica Street.
- The Spa of Niš - It is situated at 10 km from city center on the road leading to Sofia, in the bottom of Suva Planina Mountain.
- Nis Tourist Organization have two tourist information centres available, one in Nis in Vozda Karađorđa 7 street, and the other in Niska Banja whose address is Sinđelićeva 3b.
- Nis Tourist Organization  and Info Telenet Group  can provide necessery information about accommodation.
Famous or notable citizens
The people listed below were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with the city of Niš, and its surrounding metropolitan area. The people are listed by alphabetical order of the names.
- Šaban Bajramović, singer and composer, of Roma origin, born 1936 in Niš. Over the years, his music has been constantly stolen, copied, and imitated by both famous and unknown musicians.
- Constantine I, commonly known as Constantine the Great, a Roman Emperor, born 272/3 in Naissus. Constantine is best known for being the first Roman Emperor to embrace Christianity.
- Dragiša Cvetković (1893-1969), prime minister of Kingdom of Yugoslavia 1939-1941.
- Branko Miljković (1934-1961), an iconic Serbian poet, famous across Yugoslavia and eastern Europe for his influential writings.
- Ivan Miljković, born 1979 in Niš, volleyball player.
- Dragan Pantelić, football goalkeeper. He was playing in Niš 1971-1981, after 1997 he was a President of Radnički Niš.
- Goran Paskaljević, a popular Serbian movie director. He was raised by his grandparents in Niš 1949-1963, after the divorce of his parents.
- Dejan Petković, football player, started his playing career 1988-1991 at Radnički Niš. In 2004 and in 2005 he won the Brazilian Silver Ball as one of the best midfilders in the Brazilian National League.
- Dušan Radović, journalist and writer, born 1922 in Niš.
- Stevan Sinđelić, war leader (vojvoda), died 1809 in fighting for Niš against Ottoman Empire. His name became synonymous with courage among many Serbs.
- Stevan Sremac (1855-1906), Serbian writer, came to Niš shortly after its liberation from Turks. Wrote about life in old Nis ("Ivkova slava", "Zona Zamfirova").
- Dejan Stefanović, football player, born 1974 in Niš.
- Dragan Stojković, football player, born 1965 in Niš. He made 84 career international appearances and scoring 15 times, in Euro 84, 1990 FIFA World Cup, 1998 FIFA World Cup and Euro 2000.
- Zoran Živković, handball player and coach, born 1945 in Niš. He win a gold medals with Yugoslav national team, has a goalkeeper in the 1972 Summer Olympics and has a coach in the 1986 World Men's Handball Championship.
- Zoran Ćirić, writer, born 1962 in Niš, received the prestigious NIN award in 2001 for his novel Hobo.
- Zoran Živković, politician, a former Prime Minister of Serbia who replaced assassinated Prime Minister Zoran Đinđić, born 1960 in Niš.
- Dragoljub Pokrajac, scientist, currently a professor at Delaware State University, lived in Nis 1976-1997.
- Miša Ristović, born 1962 in Niš, journalist, newspaper reporter, correspondent for Večernje novosti from Niš, winner Journalist award for courage "Milan Pantić" for the year 2003. Author book - Baby trafficking in Serbia "Barter of taken children". (http://www.misaristovic.co.sr/)
Museums and monuments
- Town Museum - Opening hours: 9am - 4pm
- Archeological Exhibition of the Town Museum - Opening hours: 9am - 4pm
- Mediana Museum - Opening hours: 9am - 4pm
- Skull Tower - 9am - 4pm (1 November- 31 March), 7:30am - 7:30pm (1 April- 31 October)
- Cegar Hill
- Museum of Public Health Pasteur Institute - Opening hours: 7am - 2pm
- Crveni krst (Red Cross) Prison Camp Museum - Opening hours: 9am - 4pm
- Memorial Room of Branko Miljković - Opening hours: 9am - 4pm
- Memorial Room of Stevan Sremac - Opening hours: 9am - 4pm
The city of Niš is home to numerous sport clubs including the following:
- "Prvi srpski piloti" Aero-Club
- "Železničar" Athletics Club
- "Čair" Automobile And Motor-Racing Club
- "Železničar" Cycling Club
- "Radnički" Boxing Club
- Niš Bridge Club
- "Niš" Gymnastiscs Club
- "Student" University Go Club
- City Recreation Association
- "Niš" Weight-Lifting Club
- "Zoran Radosavljević" Sailing Club
- "Gusar" Kayak-Canoe Club
- "Khi" Karate Club
- "Omladinac" Karate Club
- "Samuraj" Karate Club
- "Čegar" Horse Riding Club
- "Alfa" Youth Basketball Club
- "Gimnazijalac" Ladies' Youth Basketball Club
- Basketball League Of Serbia Region 7 - Niš
- "Student" Ladies' University Basketball Club
- "Student" University Basketball Club
- "Niš-Put" Bowling Club
- "Gromig - Puršok" Small-Grounds Football Club
- "Ekonomist" Small-Grounds Football Club
- "Koska" Small-Grounds Football Club
- "Naisus" Small-Grounds Football Club
- "Palilula" Small-Grounds Football Club
- "Niš" Volleyball Club
- "Radnički" Volleyball Club
- "Student" Ladies' Volleyball Club
- "Albatros" Paragliding Club
- "Grunf" Paragliding Club
- "Niš" Mountaineers' Association
- "Železničar" Mountaineers' Association
- "Step" Dancing Club
- "Niš" Swimming And Water-Polo Club
- "Naisa" Handball Club
- "Železničar" Handball Club
- "Niš" Youth Handball Club
- "Niš" Safari Club
- "Niš" Skiing Club
- Niš Sports Association Of The Disabled
- Sports Association "Niški maraton"
- "Niš" Table Tennis Club
- "Niš" Archery Club - External link
- "Niš 1881" Shooting Club
- "Tabu" Tae-Kwan-Do Club
- "Gimnazijalac" Tennis Club
- "Kostić" Tennis Club
- "Radnički" Tennis Club
- "Niš" Triathlon Club
- Fishing Sports Association
- "Železničar" Football Club
- "Mašinac" Ladies' Football Club
- "Niš" Youth Football Club
- "Palilulac" Football Club
- Radnički Football Club
- "Železničar" Judo Club
- "Kinezis" Judo Club
- "Niš" Judo Club
- "Niš" Chess Club
- "2M" Health fitness center
- Banker radio (98.3)
- Fast radio (102.7)
- City radio (104.7)
- Blue Fm (103.1)
- Radio Niš (99.5/101.9)
- Radio 5 (105.5)
- Radio Nišava (104.0)
- OxyGen radio
- Radio 13 (90.5)
- Radio New Fair Play (88.3)
- Radio IPP (88.8)
- Radio Belle Amie (95.6)
- Radio Belle Amie Folk Kanal (98.7/100.7)
- Radio Cair (99.9)
- Banker TV 
- TV 5 
- BelleAmie TV 
- TV Nais
- RTV Nišava (in Romany)
- Čair (in Romany)
- Art TV
- Puls TV
- Jumbo TV
- Protecta 
- AEGEE-Nis 
- Differentia 
- eeStec LC Nis 
The city of Niš consists of five municipalities:
- Crveni Krst
- Niška Banja
The first four are located in city proper and fifth in Niška Banja spa. Municipalities of Niš include further neighborhoods:
- Trg Kralja Aleksandra
- Bulevar Nemanjica
- Bulevar Djindjica
- Brzi Brod
- Staro Groblje
- Crni Put
- Ledena Stena
- Delijski Vis
- Tutunović Podrum
- Kalač Brdo
- Jagodin Mala (partly)
- Komren (partly)
- Crveni Krst
- Beograd Mala
- Jagodin Mala (partly)
- Komren (mostly)
- Broj 6(Nikola Tesla)
- Niška Banja
- Brzi Brod
- Kassandra, Greece (1996)
- Sparta, Greece
- Glyfada, Greece (1999)
- Maroussi, Greece
- Alimos, Greece
- Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria (1996)
- Košice, Slovakia (2001)
- Kursk, Russia (1920)
- Rognan, Norway (1986)
- Bad Homburg, Germany (1999)
- Krakow, Poland (2002)
Other forms of cooperation and city friendship similar to the twin city programmes:
- Vienna, Austria
- Graz, Austria
- Barcelona, Spain
- Columbus, Ohio, USA
- Official Website
- Information about accommodation 
- Webcam Live - Central Square
- City map and guide to Niš
- University of Niš
- Narodno pozorište Niš - National Theatre of Niš
- World Gazeteer The population of Niš
- Grosh folk orchestra from Niš
|Municipalities and cities of Serbia
City of Belgrade
: Barajevo • Čukarica • Grocka • Lazarevac • Mladenovac • Novi Beograd • Obrenovac • Palilula • Rakovica • Savski Venac • Sopot • Stari Grad • Surčin • Voždovac • Vračar • Zemun • Zvezdara
City of Niš: Crveni Krst • Medijana • Niška Banja • Palilula • Pantelej
City of Kragujevac: Aerodrom • Pivara • Stanovo • Stara Varoš • Stragari
Aleksandrovac • Aleksinac • Aranđelovac • Arilje • Babušnica • Bajina Bašta • Batočina • Bela Palanka • Blace • Bogatić • Bojnik • Boljevac • Bor • Bosilegrad • Brus • Bujanovac • Crna Trava • Čačak • Čajetina • Ćićevac • Ćuprija • Despotovac • Dimitrovgrad • Doljevac • Gadžin Han • Golubac • Gornji Milanovac • Ivanjica • Jagodina • Kladovo • Knić • Knjaževac • Koceljeva • Kosjerić • Kraljevo • Krupanj • Kruševac • Kučevo • Kuršumlija • Lajkovac • Lapovo • Lebane • Leskovac • Loznica • Lučani • Ljig • Ljubovija • Majdanpek • Mali Zvornik • Malo Crniće • Medveđa • Merošina • Mionica • Negotin • Nova Varoš • Novi Pazar • Osečina • Paraćin • Petrovac • Pirot • Požarevac • Požega • Preševo • Priboj • Prijepolje • Prokuplje • Rača • Raška • Ražanj • Rekovac • Šabac • Sjenica • Smederevo • Smederevska Palanka • Sokobanja • Surdulica • Svilajnac • Svrljig • Topola • Trgovište • Trstenik • Tutin • Ub • Užice • Valjevo • Varvarin • Velika Plana • Veliko Gradište • Vladičin Han • Vladimirci • Vlasotince • Vranje • Vrnjačka Banja • Zaječar • Žabari • Žagubica • Žitorađa
Autonomous Province of Vojvodina
City of Novi Sad: Novi Sad • Petrovaradin
Ada • Alibunar • Apatin • Bač • Bačka Palanka • Bačka Topola • Bački Petrovac • Bečej • Bela Crkva • Beočin • Čoka • Inđija • Irig • Kanjiža • Kikinda • Kovačica • Kovin • Kula • Mali Iđoš • Nova Crnja • Novi Bečej • Novi Kneževac • Odžaci • Opovo • Pančevo • Pećinci • Plandište • Ruma • Sečanj • Senta • Šid • Sombor • Srbobran • Sremska Mitrovica • Sremski Karlovci • Stara Pazova • Subotica • Temerin • Titel • Vrbas • Vršac • Žabalj • Žitište • Zrenjanin
UN administered Kosovo
Dečani • Đakovica • Glogovac • Gnjilane • Gora • Istok • Kačanik • Klina • Kosovo Polje • Kosovska Kamenica • Kosovska Mitrovica • Leposavić • Lipljan • Mališevo • Novo Brdo • Obilić • Orahovac • Peć • Podujevo • Priština • Prizren • Srbica • Štimlje • Štrpce • Suva Reka • Uroševac • Vitina • Vučitrn • Zubin Potok • Zvečan
Categories: Cities, towns and villages in Central Serbia | Niš | Roman towns and cities in Serbia | Ancient Greek cities